HOW TECHNOLOGY CAN DRIVE AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA


In the past, modern technologies were unappealing to farmers in Africa. In some cases, those technologies were cumbersome to use hence they were underutilized or not used at all.

Gladly, that is changing, particularly in Nigeria.

Technology is shaping the world, improving lives, and transforming every industry, sector, and field. Agriculture in Nigeria is not exempted, the industry has witnessed several technological innovations that have significantly impacted her positively. We share some of them below:

  • MECHANIZATION

The era of farmers using crude farm implements like hoe, sickles, and cutlasses is passed. However, many Nigerian farmers still use these tools in their farming operations. Some of the resultant effects include low farm yield, health issues developing as a result of hard labour, negative impact on the food chain, etc. Mechanized form of farming which involves the use of advanced technological machines, tools, and techniques in rearing plants and animals will:

  • facilitate the regular supply of farm produce
  • enhance economic growth
  • improve farmers’ health and life span
  • reduce energy exerted in the agricultural process
  • improve productivity

  • DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY

This technology as we all know is a fantastic way to boost Africa’s agriculture, and this will continue to be a major driver for development in Africa. 

This solution is already transforming the way in which Nigerian farmers work and interact and bridging the gaps between the informal and formal sectors. 

This innovation can easily help farmers to access knowledge and information on farming practices, pest control, crop diseases, and land management. 

It will also make agricultural markets, extension services, and finance more accessible and help to engage youths in the sector. 

  • AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY

Simply put, agricultural biotechnology is the manipulation of crops and animals or their parts for the production of value-added goods and services for man’s use.  

It is used to address challenges in all areas of agricultural production and processing. This includes plant breeding to raise and stabilize yields; to improve resistance to pests, diseases and abiotic stresses such as drought and cold; and to enhance the nutritional content of foods.

Nigeria can definitely increase its crop production through the use of biotech plants, having them available, educating rural farmers on how to successfully maximize profit, and strengthen the food growth of the country like other African countries.

The role of agricultural technologies affects the rate of increase in agricultural input, it also determines how the increase in agricultural output impacts on the poverty levels and environmental degradation.

Measures that can be taken to increase adoption of technology include: (i) Adopting a package approach to the provision of agricultural development technologies and knowledge (ii) Improving smallholder farmers’ access to finance (iii) Development of infrastructure for agricultural input and product markets. (iv) Reducing the technology costs on the farmers.

What are your thoughts on agriculture technology in Nigeria? Feel free to leave us a comment.

 

 

 

 

 

References:

Quotes by Meinzen-Dick et al, 2002, Nkonya et al, 2004, and Rose Grant et al, 2002.

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